Natural, architectural and Archaeological Museum-Reserve "Divnogorye"
Divny Lane, Divnogorye, Voronezh region, 397970
Divnogorie is an ideal place for education and active recreation, where you can stay alone with nature and get acquainted with history. Chalk pillars-divas, cave temples, the medieval complex of the Khazar Khaganate, places of parking and hunting of primitive man-all this formed the unique appearance of Divnogorie. The museum-reserve presents archaeological sites from the Upper Paleolithic (14 thousand years ago) to modern times (XVII-XVIII centuries).
The funds of the museum-reserve's museum fund include items of archeology, ethnography, documentary fund, geological, botanical and entomological collections.
"Chronicle of Divnogorie" is the best to explore the Museum in a two-hour tour. It includes a story about the geological and natural features of Divnogorie, as well as a tour of the main attractions: the cave complex in Bolshye Divy with the temple of the Sicilian Icon of the Mother of God, the Mayak settlement – a medieval settlement with a white stone fortress, pottery workshops and a burial ground.
In addition, you can book thematic routes and excursions in geology, botany, ornithology and archeology. On the territory of the museum-reserve from May to September there is an archaeological park "From nomads to cities" and a model of the Mayak Fortress, which can also be visited with an excursion.
The excursion season lasts from May 1 to November 5.
Visiting the territory of the museum-reserve (with the exception of certain objects) without a tour is free and free of charge.
The Divnogorye Museum-Reserve is not just about excursions. Every year there are exhibitions, concerts, museum events and children's parties.
The natural reserve "Divnogorie" is an architectural-archaeological Museum under the open sky. It was established on July 9, 1991 on the basis of the Divnogorye monument complex, which was then a branch of the Voronezh Regional Museum of Local Lore.
In 2013, the lands of the museum-reserve received the status of an object of cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation of regional significance-a place of interest " Natural and Cultural Complex "Divnogorye". The total area with a protected area of 17639 hectares. And in 2016, Divnogorie received the status of a cultural heritage site of federal significance. In 2020, the historical and cultural complex "Divnogorye" is included in the preliminary list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
A list of the Sicilian Icon of the Mother of God is now located in a cave complex in the Greater Divas. According to legend, the Sicilian image of the Mother of God appeared in 1092 on the island of Sicily-hence the name. in 1831, the sicilian image of the mother of god became famous as miraculous in connection with the deliverance of the city of korotoyaka from cholera. according to legend, an elderly woman, catherine kolomenskaya, received advice from the mother of god herself to seek help from this icon. And 16 years later Ostrogozhsk was saved from cholera. so the icon received another name – healing. But it wasn't just healing. In 1858, the icon stopped a series of unprecedented fires in Alekseevka, and in 1872, it saved the steppe near Bobrov from drought. A rare corner of the Voronezh province did not dispute the right to keep the icon for a while. During the year she was in County towns Bobrov, Korotoyak, Ostrogozhsk, Biryuch; Sloboda REP'yevka, Alekseyevka… The list doesn't end there. The image of the Mother of God and the Baby in the cave temple in Bolshye Divy – a list from the icon found in 1831. Similar lists are available in the Divnogorsky monastery, in the towns of Liski, Rossosh and in many other places.
in divnogorie there are unique steppe areas for europe and russia, where relict flora and fauna have been preserved since ancient times.
The most attractive natural objects of Divnogorie – Divy-chalk pillars: their origin is still a mystery.
Interestingly, in the Mesozoic era, this area was covered by a warm and shallow sea. among the archaeological finds there are even large sharks. Divnogorie is a former habitat for mammoths, rhinos and bighorn deer.