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Museum-Reserve Shushenskoye


Krasnoyarsk Krai
Novaya str., 1, Shushenskoye settlement, Krasnoyarsk Krai
Phones: +7 983 155 4863
Web site:
A unique complex in the open airThe houses of wealthy and poor peasants with outbuildings, the building of the volost government with a prison, a trading shop, a tavern-these monuments of the past are introduced by sightseeing and thematic excursions.


The historical and ethnographical museum-reserve “Shushenskoye” is the only memorial open air complex in the Krasnoyarsk territory. The total area of the museum is 16.4 hectares.

The central part of the old village Shushenskoye of the end of the 19th – beginning of the 20th centuries is represented on the territory of the museum. Also the exact copies of the monuments of wooden architecture of the northern and southern parts of the Krasnoyarsk territory are reconstructed. Altogether 35 peasants’ houses with outbuildings are represented. In the houses where V.I.Lenin lived during his term of exile the memorial setting has been kept and conditions of Siberian peasants’ life have been recreated on the farmsteads. The main peasants’ occupations , crafts and trades are reflected in the exposition.

Novaya Derevnya is a collection of six ethnographically-filled farmsteads, recreated with the preservation of the authentic cultural styles of two regions of the Krasnoyarsk Territory: Angarsk village and Starominusinskoye settlement.

Guests of the museum can feel like the owners of one of the estates, becoming participants of the program "Immersion in the life and life of Siberian peasants of the late XIX – early XX centuries", staying in a peasant house. The realities of peasant life are successfully combined with the modern comfort of living. Furniture, textiles, and household utensils are mostly "new-made" copies of old peasant household items. Along with them, there are also artifacts in the interiors – things that are authentic in relation to time.

The first item registered in the book of receipts of the main fund of the museum-reserve on November 23, 1968, is a comb for spinning tow. It came from a resident of the village of Shushensky, Agrafena Sergeevna Klimova, born in 1897. It is made of a solid wooden plate, has a long leg that was inserted into a special hole in the bench or wooden bottom. On the working part of the rectangular shape-pointed thin teeth, of which there were up to 90. Flax or hemp fiber was placed in the teeth of the comb.

The subject, which began the formation of the museum collection, tells about the hard work of women in the Siberian village of the late XIX-early XX centuries. In the peasant economy, combs were used in the first stage of flax processing and for spinning.


The history of the museum in Shushenskoye begins in 1924, when it was decided to perpetuate the memory of the stay in this village at the end of the 19th century of the political exile V. I. Ulyanov (Lenin), in the future – the founder of the Soviet state.

The V. I. Lenin Museum opened in the Petrova House (V. I. Lenin's 2nd apartment) on November 7, 1930. In 1938, by the decision of the Central Committee of the party, the museum was expanded, reorganized and from January 1, 1939 transferred to the Krasnoyarsk Regional Committee of the CPSU (b) and became part of the Central Museum of V. I. Lenin. In 1940, an exhibition was opened in the house of Zyryanov (the 1st apartment of V. I. Lenin).

In connection with the preparation for the 100th anniversary of the birth of V. I. Lenin, a modern urban-type settlement and museum-reserve "V. I. Lenin's Siberian Exile" was created in Shushenskoye by the method of the All-Union Komsomol shock construction, located on the territory of 6.6 hectares and consisting of about 200 buildings for various purposes.

The basis for the creation of the memorial was the House-Museum of V. I. Lenin, which includes the houses of Petrova and Zyryanov, as well as the Lenin memorial sites in the vicinity of Shushensky.

The museum-reserve was officially opened on April 12, 1970, and on April 19 a branch of the museum-reserve was opened in the village of Ermakovsky.

In 1988, the museum was visited by the General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, Mikhail Gorbachev, after which, in January 1990, the museum-reserve was transferred to the balance of the Central Committee of the Party.

In connection with the political changes that took place in the country, since January 1992, the museum-reserve was transferred to the budget of the Krasnoyarsk Regional Department of Culture.

A fundamentally new stage in the development of the museum began in 1993 with the adoption of a new Concept of development and the renaming of the "Historical and Ethnographic Museum-Reserve "Shushenskoe".
In 1998, the museum took over the collection of the former People's Art Gallery named after I. V. Rekhlov, which includes more than 1,600 paintings and about 19,000 graphic works. The collection made up the third part of the main fund of the museum.

In 2011, on the territory adjacent to the museum, a "New Village" was put into operation (6 peasant estates of the late XIX-early XX centuries, 34 buildings), with living conditions, which allowed to implement programs of immersion in the life and life of a peasant family of the late XIX - early XX centuries, to introduce a new model of museum communication.

In 2011, it was decided to restore the branch of the museum-reserve that existed until 2005 in the village of Ermakovsky.

In 2011, after the reorganization of the GUK " Ivan Yarygin Museum "(Sizaya village, Shushensky district), it became a branch of the Shushenskoye Museum-Reserve.

Since 2012, on the territory of the new village (5.3 hectares), the formation of a landscape park for family recreation with small architectural forms continues.

Interesting Facts

On the territory of the museum-reserve, workshops are organized: pottery, cooperage, artistic wood processing, folk costume.

For children and adults, folklore and entertainment programs are held, including performances by creative groups.

On preliminary requests, one – day and multi-day programs of immersion in the life and life of Siberian peasants of the late XIX-early XX centuries can be organized: accommodation in a peasant house, Siberian cuisine, Siberian bath.

The popular folk festivals "Shirokaya Maslenitsa" and "Trinity in the Village"are very popular. The museum annually hosts the International Festival of Ethnic Music and Crafts "The World of Siberia".